Monday, January 19,1801

For this Gazette
To the Members of Congress, from Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee, Georgia, a Virginian addresses the few following THOUGHTS.
For the last ten years you have been engaged in an ineffectual struggle to obtain for the South and West , their due weight in the government. You are now on the verge of realizing your most just expectations. A majority of electors were determined in favor of Jefferson. It is to be dreaded, however, that they have all gone for Burr, also. If this is the case, we have every-thing to fear, and it behooves us to put our shoulders to the wheels. Burr is well known to be a New-England-man born. He was cradled in that little nest of aristocracy and religious hypocrisy, Conn. He is a grandson of the famous puritan-preacher Edwards, of Stockbridge, in Mass. which has the honor to send Theodore Sedgwick to Congress. This Edwards was president of Jersey College. His son-in-law, parson Burr, the father of the Colonel, succeeded him in that office. The Colonel was educated at that Nursery of Federalism. He is strongly suspected to be a New-England man at bottom. It is said that he has often betrayed yearnings in his bowels for the cause of his countrymen; and, depend upon it, if he is President, he will play us a New-England trick. All the New England men and Federalists here count upon him. The greater part of the Jersey state was peopled from Connecticut. The inhabitants are in sympathy with their Connecticut brethren, in their religious and political prejudices. Their politics are the same. We have nothing, therefore, to hope from jersey, or any one of the Eastern States unless it may be Vermont, & there we can only count on a drawn vote. New-York is not to be depended on: Burr is their own man.--It is clear that this State will be as much attached to her man as we are to ours. They have more reason than one for this preference. They do not forget that New-York is the greatest State-debtor to the union. She may find that Southern President with a Southern majority in Congress, may call for a payment of her balance. Burr's greatest enemy in this State, has lost all influence, except amongst a few. He is known to be the personal enemy and competitor of the others. All therefore he can say is put down by everyone to the score of personal malice. Much as he hates Jefferson, he would rather see him President than Burr, against whom his hatred knows no bounds. This man may be compared to a blasted tree on a naked heath, surrounded by nothing but poisonous shrubs. His late publickations have lost him all his credit with the aristocrats and puritans of New-England, and indeed, with all moderate Federalists. He is a man politically damned, and therefore nothing can be hoped from his assistance. There has appeared here a vile sort of pieces, in which every foible of Mr. Jefferson's character is set in the strongest light. It proves Burr to be a man of energy. They say he has only opposed particular measures of the last and present Presidents, and that he opposed these from thinking they were really impolitic, and not like Jefferson from a deep rooted hatred to these Eastern and would be Federal Great Men. Be persuaded they will have a great effect. Another scribbler, who signs himself "HOBSON" is also contributing all in his power to aid the cause of Burr, by a parcel of rigamarole fabrication against him, which are intended to impress the Eastern Members the more strongly in his favor. They have made Burr here ten friends for one enemy. In my opinion, they will do more for him, unless counteracted, than all that could be said in his favor. They pretend to say, he was inactive during our Revolutionary War. To me, who know the history of his military services, this more than anything else, seems calculated to be of service to him. I have not a doubt, they are written by some of his long-sighted, political friends who mean by falsehoods and blackgaurdism to elevate him above the philosopher of Monticello. They say here, that he is a practical man. Practical or not, he has none of the refined ideas of government that Jefferson has been distinguished for all his life. That little limb of aristocracy, Delaware, will also be against us. The ancient hatred between Maryland, and ancient Dominion, will, I am afraid, incline her against us. They are not of a temper to forget past wrongs. With the South Carolina members, we have also to fear the commercial influence, especially with members from the low country, who are afraid of the fall of rice and indigo if Jefferson is chosen. They believe because he hates the British that he is an enemy of their commerce. The two Carolinas import little or nothing; but buy their goods here in New York and in other ports of the middle states, such as Philadelphia and Baltimore. Their preference for commerce over agriculture, may incline them to unite with their trading brethren, to keep out a man who, they say, is an enemy to commerce and great cities. I will not allow myself to entertain a moment's doubt of North Carolina. She is ours by every tie that ought to unite neighboring states. Of Kentucky, Tennessee and Georgia, there is, also no doubt. I hope much for Maryland, unless the cursed commercial spirit should govern. If the story of Burr's dislike to the Federal City, had been suffered to have its effect, I am sure it would have done much for us with some of the Maryland members. The misfortune is it has been disproved in time to leave Dent, and some others, to make up their minds, in Burr's favor, without this clog dragging against him. Pennsylvania, commercial as she is, will be with us. We have a host in Gallatin, who will be Jefferson's secretary of the treasury, and rest assured McKean is not governor of Pennsylvania for nothing. On this subject I have much to say, which shall be done through a Philadelphia paper on my passage home through that city.